New Jersey Osprey Project
Conserve Wildlife Foundation plays an active role in helping to manage and protect Ospreys in New Jersey.
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Historically, before the effects of DDT caused the state's osprey population to decline, over 500 osprey nests could be found along New Jersey's coastline. By 1974 only 50 nests remained. The effects of DDT in the food chain caused reproduction to fail, and habitat was lost with a burgeoning shore population that eliminated many trees and increased ground predator populations. In New Jersey the osprey was listed as endangered in 1973 by the NJ Division of Fish, Game and Wildlife. Early recovery efforts began when DDT was banned in New Jersey in 1968. The highest levels of DDT were found on Barnegat Bay. In the early 1970's state biologists began an innovative recovery effort to place young and eggs from nests where DDT was not used as heavily into nests that failed to produce young, year after year. In addition, they coordinated efforts to supply man-made nest platforms for the birds. These new artificial nest platforms replaced the snags and trees that were lost as the barrier islands became more developed in the 1950s.
By 1986 the osprey population had surpassed 100 pairs, sparking the decision to upgrade their status to threatened in the state. Since that time, the Endangered and Nongame Species Program staff has worked to monitor and manage the population, tracking their nest success every year with a core group of volunteers, and censusing the population every three years. In 2006 the NJ osprey population hit a new post-DDT record of just over 400 active nests, not far below the estimated historic population of 450 to 500 nests. In 2009, 486 nesting pairs were found and in 2011 biologists decided the postpone the next aerial survey until 2013.
Today, Conserve Wildlife Foundation of NJ plays an active role in helping to manage and protect the statewide population of ospreys. It is our goal to help the population recover to the historic level of over 500 nesting pairs, which was surpassed in 2013. Our Osprey Project seeks to raise private funding through donations, fundraising campaigns, platform sponsorships, and educational presentations to help ospreys in New Jersey. We also sponsor Eagle Scouts candidates with projects that seek to install and maintain osprey platforms along coastal areas of New Jersey.
Since 2004, we have installed over 175 nesting platforms throughout New Jersey, most in areas where suitable habitat exists with few nesting structures. We have concentrated most of our work on Barnegat Bay, Little Egg Harbor, and Great Bay. We work very closely with the Endangered and Nongame Species Program and assist with osprey surveys and nestling banding during the nesting season from April 1 - August 31.
To follow our work with ospreys, follow NJ Osprey Project on Facebook.
HOW WE CAN HELP
We offer technical assistance to private consulting firms, individuals, school groups, environmental commissions, Boy Scouts, Girl Scouts, and anyone else who is interested in constructing and installing osprey nesting structures. We've consulting with individuals and contractors throughout the United States to help identify and install or repair osprey nesting structures.
In New Jersey, we work with the NJ Division of Fish and Wildlife to help manage and monitor a very large database of existing nesting structures. We can help you choose the most suitable location to place a platform so it will not negatively impact any other species that live in the coastal area of the state.
HOW YOU CAN HELP
Report activity at nest sites
Since the beginning of the project annual nesting surveys have been completed to help track track the size of the population. Our methods for monitoring the population have changed over time. Today, instead of using helicopters to fly along our coast, which was very expensive in the later days (2000s), we use volunteers who can cover just as much area with very little funding. In 2013 we partnered with the Center for Conservation Biology who founded, Osprey Watch, a global osprey watching website. We released the location of over 800 nest sites in New Jersey. The goal for us was to use volunteers to report activity at nest sites during the osprey nesting season from April 1 to August 31. It was a huge success and a total of 542 nesting pairs were recorded. The next statewide census is planned for 2017.
You can view all known nests in New Jersey and report activity at a nest near your house on our partner's website, Osprey-watch.org
Volunteers have been a very important component to the successful recovery of ospreys in New Jersey. We engage volunteers in all aspects of this conservation project. From constructing nesting platforms to installing them, we could use your help! Opportunities vary throughout the year and events occur on weekdays and weekends to help engage more people in our Osprey Project.
ADOPT AN OSPREY PLATFORM
Each year more and more platforms become damaged or even disappear during the winter months. With this new program individuals can "adopt" an existing osprey nest platform. Your donation will make sure this platform stays in pristine condition. If it ever become damaged or needs repair, we'll be there to do the work.
Follow along while Ben Wurst, Habitat Program Manager for Conserve Wildlife Foundation of NJ and two of his friends volunteer to help install an osprey platform off Long Beach Island on Barnegat Bay in 2010. Support our efforts to protect wildlife, make a donation today!
Schedule an educational "New Jersey's Unoffical Bird of Summer" presentation, which covers Osprey identification, life history, project history, human impacts, and surveying techniques. This is a great program for schools, civic organizations and scouting groups.
Marine Debris: A threat to ospreys, our bioindicator species
We've all seen the negative effects that we can have on our environment. One that we've been passionate about documenting and raising awareness about is the occurance of plastic marine debris in osprey nests. Litter is almost everywhere and that includes active osprey nests. It winds up in the high marsh areas along our coast and that is where ospreys have always collected natural nesting material (sticks, eelgrass, muck, grasses and reeds). This new nesting material is not so safe for ospreys and their young. They can become easily entangled in ribbon from released balloons, monofilament from unwary fishermen, rope or twine, from lost crab pots or bait bags. For the past two years we've collected (and saved) trash we find in and around active nests. We're using this trash (aka marine debris) to use as a tool to help educate the public about this emerging threat to the ospreys and the health of our coastal ecosystem.
Please help us by sharing this blog post about the issue. To make the biggest impact, reduce the amount of trash you produce, reuse what you can’t recycle, recycle things that can be repurposed into new goods, and participate in local beach or stream cleanups! Thanks!!
- Sept 2018 Update: Documenting the presence of plastics in osprey nests
TAKE ACTION!! ----> Download a fact sheet to learn more and share with your friends!
Ospreys, Plastics and Marine Debris Fact Sheet 2018 - 3.3MB
Osprey Nests and Nest Removal Guidelines
Active and inactive nests cannot be removed without a state depredation permit in New Jersey. During the non-breeding season (from Sept 1 to March 31) you do not need a federal depredation permit but you still need the state depredation permit. A depredation permit is not required when some nesting material is removed under normal maintenance of the structure, but when nests (including platforms) are removed and/or excluders are placed (which essentially “removes the nest”) then a state depredation permit is required.
Osprey Nest Guidance in New Jersey - 1.1MB
- Osprey information including identification, life history, habitat, and current threats
- Artificial nesting platform placement guidance and information. Includes detailed information on how to select the proper location for a platform.
- NJ Division of Fish and Wildlife, Endangered and Nongame Species Program
- New Jersey Osprey Project on Facebook
- The International Osprey Foundation
- Arkive - Osprey information and AWESOME video of ospreys foraging!
New Jersey Osprey Project Brochure - 4.0MB
Ospreys and Plastic Marine Debris - 3.3MB
Osprey Platform Construction Plans - 1.0MB
Adopt a Species - Osprey - 206.6KB
2006 New Jersey Osprey Project - 138.4KB
2007 New Jersey Osprey Project - 113.6KB
2008 New Jersey Osprey Project - 210.6KB
2009 New Jersey Osprey Project - 157.1KB
2010 New Jersey Osprey Project - 178.0KB
2011 New Jersey Osprey Project - 74.4KB
2012 New Jersey Osprey Project Newsletter - 76.5KB
2013 New Jersey Osprey Project Newsletter - 106.2KB
2014 New Jersey Osprey Project Newsletter - 208.7KB
2015 New Jersey Osprey Report - 2.1MB
2016 New Jersey Osprey Project - 910.8KB
2017 New Jersey Osprey Project Report - 627.2KB
In the News:
- Boy Scouts help install osprey platforms in Ocean City - NJ.com
- Ospreys get a boost from Boy Scouts in Ocean City - AC Press
- New Jersey's osprey population continues to grow along coastal regions, report states - NJ.com
- New Jersey turning to citizen observers for osprey - Seattle Pi
- New Jersey's Ospreys Back from Near Extinction - Chinatopix.com
- Population of Ospreys Continues to Grow in New Jersey - Full-time Whistle
- New Jersey Osprey Population is Growing: Threatened Species Script Amazing Comeback - Tech Times
- Osprey population in New Jersey continues to bounce back - SMN Weekly
- NJ turning to citizen observes for osprey - MyFoxNY.com
- New Jersey Turns to Citizen Observers for Osprey - NBC40 Philadelphia
- Osprey population hits all-time high in New Jersey, study finds - Newsworks
- N.J. osprey monitoring to shift from scientists to citizens - Philly.com
- Osprey numbers on the rise in NJ says foundation - Courier-Post News
- Osprey population hits all-time high in New Jersey, study finds - Shore News Network
- Fall/Holiday Edition - Jersey Shore Magazine - Sandy's Impact on B. Bay - Sentinels of Sandy by Laura Kerwin
- June 28, 2013 - Asbury Park Press - Banding osprey nestlings at Island Beach State Park
- June 27, 2013 - Toms River Patch - Island Beach's Osprey receive tracking bands - video
- June 8th, 2011 - The SandPaper - Humans Help Ospreys Soar by Juliet Kaszas-Hoch
- November 2010 Explorations eMagazine article - Return of the Osprey by Ben Wurst
- November 11, 2010 - Building a bigger bird house. Shore News Today. by Marjorie Preston.
The Sandpaper article - July 8, 2008 - 2.0MB
The Sandpaper article - September 17, 2008 - 915.1KB
The Sandpaper article - November 10, 2010 - 642.4KB
Osprey Egg Transplant Program a Success - NJ Outdoors 1974 - 987.8KB
Ben Wurst, Habitat Program Manager: Email
Ospreys are on the move south. Get out and look for some ospreys wearing red bands!
Living with Ospreys in New Jersey
In today's day and age ospreys nest on all kinds of man-made structures. Most nest on wood platforms designed specifically for them, but some nest on other structures like cell towers, channel markers, and even chimneys! To help protect ospreys, our infrastructure, and human safety we developed guidelines for the removal of osprey nests in NJ. Please refer to this documentation for guidance on these issues.